What Are the Best Grass Seed Types and How Long Do They Take to Grow?

The best seed to grow grass depends on the location, climate, soil type, sun exposure, water availability, and use (e.g., lawn/golf course/pasture). Cool-season grasses include Kentucky bluegrass, fine fescue, perennial ryegrass, and tall fescue. Warm-season grasses like Bermuda, Zoysia, and St. Augustine grass suit warmer climates. Consider drought tolerance, disease resistance, and maintenance requirements when choosing the right grass seed. Plant growth regulator Primo Maxx and moisture manager Hydretain are lawn care products that can significantly improve grass seed health.

An Introduction to Types of Grass Seeds

First, understanding the different types of grass seeds is vital to making an informed decision. What works best for one lawn may not be suitable for another. Factors like regional climate, soil type, and amount of available sunlight are essential considerations.

Kentucky Bluegrass

Kentucky Bluegrass — is a popular option, especially in the Northern states. KBG’s fine texture and deep green color create a lawn that's the envy of most neighborhoods. This grass type does require a fair bit of maintenance but is more drought-tolerant than other grass types.

 

 

Related: How to Get a Green Lawn Fast — 3 Easy Tips

 

Tall Fescue

Tall Fescue — is known for its durability and is perfect for lawns with heavy foot traffic or those that have children or pets. It adapts well to various climates and soil conditions, making it versatile and easy to maintain.

 

 

Bermudagrass

Bermudagrass — is ideal for Southern states with hot, sunny climates. Its dense growth is perfect for preventing weed invasion and is highly tolerant to drought. Bermuda's fast growth helps it recover faster from wear and damage. It grows best with 8+ hours of direct sunlight.

 

 

 

Related: How to Get Rid of Weeds — Everything You Need to Know

 

Perennial Ryegrass

Perennial Ryegrass — is popular for its quick-growing nature, usually germinating in just 7-14 days. This is one of the best grass seed choices for lawns with heavy foot traffic, especially when mixed with Kentucky Bluegrass. It also produces amazing lawn stripes when reel mowed.

 

 

St. Augustine Grass

St. Augustine Grass — thrives in warm, coastal regions. Unlike the other grasses discussed, St. Augustine lawns are established vegetatively using plugs or sod. It generally does not produce viable seeds which is why you don't see St. Augustine grass seed offered. Like Bermudagrass, St. Augustine requires a lot of direct sunlight to maintain its health and color. 

 

 

 

Find out which grass type is most suited to your area in our helpful article.

 

The Best Quick Growing Grass Seeds

Perhaps you're after a lush lawn as fast as possible? A quick-growing grass seed is likely what you're looking for. Perennial Ryegrass, Annual Ryegrass, and Bermudagrass stand out as champions in this category.

Perennial Ryegrass, as mentioned earlier, is a fast-growing favorite. Its quick germination and growth rate make it an excellent choice for lawn renovation or overseeding projects. 

Annual Ryegrass is another quick grower, often used for temporary ground cover while slower-growing grasses establish. But keep in mind that Annual Ryegrass does not survive past one growing season.

Bermudagrass can also be considered a fast grower, especially in hot and sunny conditions. Given its hardiness and speed, it's one of the best quick-growing grass seed options out there.

Remember, though, that fast-growing grass often requires more care. Be prepared for regular mowing, watering, and possible over-seeding in spring and fall. These grasses also recover faster from top dressing.

 

Related: Pest Control for Your Lawn — A Complete Guide

 

Slow and Steady: Understanding Grass Growth Rates

grass tips showing

Grass seed growth rates can vary significantly between different types, and understanding these rates is essential for planning and achieving the desired results in your lawn. Kentucky Bluegrass typically takes around 14 to 30 days to germinate. It requires a bit more time compared to other grass types, but its fine texture and dense growth habits make it a popular lawn choice.

Bermudagrass, known for its excellent heat and drought tolerance, has a slightly quicker germination period. It can sprout within 10 to 30 days under optimal conditions. Perennial Ryegrass, often used for overseeding existing lawns or new projects, germinates even faster, usually in just five to 10 days.


These germination periods, ranging from five to 30 days, are the first step in the growth process. After germination, the grass seedlings will need additional time to establish themselves fully and develop into a mature lawn. This establishment period can vary but generally takes a few more weeks.

It's important to note that various factors, including climate, soil conditions, watering practices, and the quality of the grass seed itself, influence these growth rates. Different grass types have specific environmental preferences and requirements. For example, warm-season grasses like Bermudagrass thrive in hot climates, while cool-season grasses like Kentucky Bluegrass prefer cooler temperatures.

With this in mind, give yourself ample time for the grass to grow and establish. It's not a good idea to rush the process or expect immediate results. Instead, focus on providing care and attention to ensure healthy growth. Regular watering, proper mowing techniques, and appropriate fertilization are vital components of maintaining a vibrant and lush lawn, regardless of how quickly or slowly your grass grows.

 

Related: Top Tips for Fertilizing Your Lawn: Choosing the Right Lawn Fertilizer

 

Choosing the Best Seed for Your Lawn

When selecting the best seed for your lawn, the decision largely depends on your circumstances. Climate, soil type, sun exposure, water availability, foot traffic, and required maintenance are all factors to consider.

In general, Kentucky Bluegrass, Tall Fescue, and Bermudagrass are excellent choices for most lawns. Kentucky Bluegrass has that traditional lawn aesthetic, while Tall Fescue offers excellent durability, and Bermudagrass provides quick coverage and drought resistance.

A clever strategy many seasoned lawn enthusiasts employ is using a mix of grass seed types. This approach takes advantage of the strengths of multiple grass types and mitigates the weaknesses. For example, a Kentucky Bluegrass and Perennial Ryegrass mix could provide the aesthetic appeal of Bluegrass with the faster-growing attributes of Ryegrass.

If you're dreaming of a lawn that mirrors the immaculate green expanse of a golf course, the best type of grass seed is often a cool-season grass such as Perennial Ryegrass, Bentgrass, or Fine Fescue. These grass types can tolerate shorter mowing heights and create a dense grass carpet.


The Best Seeds for Your Lawn’s Climate & Area

Choosing the best type of grass seed also involves understanding your area's climate and environmental conditions

In the cooler Northern states, cool-season grasses like Kentucky Bluegrass, Tall Fescue, and Perennial Ryegrass are the top choices. They can withstand freezing temperatures and grow best in the spring and fall. 

Contrastingly, warm-season grasses such as Bermudagrass, St. Augustine Grass, and Zoysia Grass are the go-to options in the warmer Southern states. These grasses flourish in heat, growing vigorously during the hot summer months. Bermudagrass is well known for its heat and drought tolerance and fast growth rate. Although it has to be established via sod or plugs, St. Augustine Grass is perfect for seaside lawns due to its high salt tolerance. Zoysia Grass offers a low-maintenance option for Southern lawns with its lush, carpet-like appearance.

In the transition zone, experiencing both hot summers and cold winters, choosing a grass type is more challenging. Here, Tall Fescue, with its resilience to both heat and cold, is often selected. If adequately cared for, Zoysia Grass and Kentucky Bluegrass can also survive in the transition zone.

Are weeds taking over your lawn? We offer two herbicide kits for warm-season and cool-season grass, with all the products you need to eliminate invasive weeds effectively.

 

Lawn Care Products for All Types of Grass Types

Plant growth regulator Primo Maxx and moisture manager Hydretain are two valuable tools that can significantly contribute to the health of growing grass.

 

Primo Maxx

Primo Maxx, a synthetic plant growth regulator, helps manage turfgrass’s growth by slowing down vertical shoot growth and inhibiting the production of the growth hormone gibberellin

Primo Maxx promotes dense and compact turf, resulting in a well-manicured appearance. It also enhances root development, improves stress tolerance, and increases disease resistance, making it an ideal choice for maintaining golf courses, athletic fields, and residential lawns.

 

Related: How Plant Growth Regulation Can Make Your Lawn Thicker and Greener

 



Hydretain

Hydretain is a unique soil moisture management product that helps to improve water utilization and retention within the soil. It works by attracting and retaining moisture vapor from the air, converting it into water droplets available for plant roots to absorb. This helps to reduce stress and increase drought resistance in grass and other plants.  

By using Hydretain, water requirements are reduced, resulting in cost savings. It also promotes deeper root growth, allowing grass to access water and nutrients from a larger soil volume.

When used together, Primo Maxx and Hydretain provide many benefits for growing grass. Primo Maxx controls growth rate, allowing the grass to allocate its resources for deeper roots and helps develop a denser, healthier turf. Hydretain ensures efficient water utilization, reducing the reliance on excessive irrigation and improves drought tolerance. Together, these products contribute to the overall vitality, appearance, and resilience of growing grass.

 

Related: 5 Ways To Cut Your Lawn-Care Costs

 

A Seed of Hope

There’s no one-size-fits-all when selecting the best grass seed for your lawn. It requires understanding your unique lawn conditions and matching them to the strengths of different grass seed types. Good things take time. The grass may grow quickly or slowly depending on its type, but consistent care and maintenance are the real secret to a lush, vibrant lawn. Regular watering, appropriate fertilization, proper mowing, and a solid disease and pest control strategy are all part of the lawn care journey.

Remember, every seed holds a universe of potential — and the best seed for your lawn is the one that aligns with your vision, your regional conditions, and your commitment to lawn care. Happy seeding, and here's to the lawn you've always dreamed of!

The Golf Course Lawn Academy 

Whether you're a novice or a seasoned lawn enthusiast, ongoing education and guidance can make all the difference. At the Golf Course Lawn Academy, we understand this all too well. That's why our platform is dedicated to offering comprehensive advice derived from years of experience and expertise in the field.

The Golf Course Lawn Academy offers self-paced instruction with over 20 videos, allowing you to learn at your convenience. Members also enjoy exclusive discounts on lawn products, saving costs on turfgrass maintenance. The academy fosters a collaborative learning environment through a private support community, connecting students with other lawn enthusiasts. A specific product application calendar ensures optimal timing for applying specific products, maximizing their effectiveness. Members also receive free access to future course modules, keeping them up-to-date with industry trends.

So why wait? Dive into the world of lawn care with the Golf Course Lawn Academy. We're ready to guide you in creating the lawn of your dreams every step of the way.

If you're eager to further deepen your knowledge and refine your lawn care skills, enroll with the Golf Course Lawn Academy today.